Why Is Drug Addiction Not A Disease?

Why Is Drug Addiction Not A Disease

Because of the increasing number of broken families and communities that are vulnerable to drug dealers and the violence that they bring, drug addiction has become a huge problem over the years. Stereotypical addicted individuals have been categorized as “dark” members of the society for decades but is slowly changing in the recent years. The more accepting perception of people on them is the strongest reason why addiction treatment options have become widely available.

  • One thing that has not been changed for years is the notion that drug addiction is a brain disease. Addiction changes the normal functioning of the brain and its fundamental ways of coordinating systemic movements.
  • The hierarchy of the structure of the brain changes with the worsening habit, sending a different message to the person about what he needs, wants, and priorities.
  • Dopamine is released when taking drugs and it is what is responsible for to the cravings.
  • Eventually, the brain’s normal functioning is altered more often resulting in a compulsive behavior.

Addiction is more of a disorder, not a disease.

Addiction is a disorder because it describes an altered physiologic brain function, which completely confirms that the “disease” definition is a wrong scientific statement. Remember, the diagnoses regarding mental health related to addiction are all classified as “disorders”, not as diseases.

Moreover, experts believe that addiction should be seen as a disorder because the addicted person causes harm due to a deviated behavior from what is considered a norm. While scientists were able to prove that addiction creates different thought patterns that somehow mold new values, the disorder also explains that it is characterized of a list of symptoms occurring together, unlike a medical disease.

Loss of appetite and episodes of irritability are examples of its symptoms or clues of what is happening inside the body. Definitely, it is not a proof of some complex chemical imbalances or infections within the body.

Addiction is a disorder with symptoms.

A disorder is different from a disease as explained above due to its manifestations. Other examples of symptoms relating to addiction disorders include deep emotional need for connection with others, desire to have another drug, impaired judgment, and intensified craving for a substance. A disease, on the other hand, can be measured, put to test, and be cured as the medical community defines it.

Blood tests are not required for the treatment of addiction.

Another big proof that addiction cannot be called a disease in the medical community is the fact that it does not require a blood test to prove that you have drug addiction or is into alcoholism. You can diagnose an alcoholic or an addict by just looking at them, assessing them, and labeling them as having the addictive disorder. One big step towards recovery from addiction is knowing and believing that addiction can be overcome. The traditional 12-step programs try to motivate the addicted individuals that what they are going through is not a forever disease unless they decide to make it last forever.


How To Get Prescribed Opiates?

How To Get Prescribed Opiates

Prescription opiates such as hydrocodone and oxycodone are synthesized opioid analgesics that change your perception of things because it targets the opioid receptors in your brain. As the drug acts on the feel-good chemicals in your brain, feelings of euphoria and extreme well-being may be created along with some degree of relief from pain.

If you are abusing prescription opiates to chase the “high,” it is likely that you are increasing your dosage continually. Also, you may have developed a tolerance for the drug and would need more of it to achieve the effects initially made by the drug.

  • In 2012 in the U.S., 259 million prescriptions for opioids were written.
  • The number of prescriptions has increased from 76 million (1991) to roughly 207 million (2013).
  • In the last 10 years, the use of heroin more than doubled in those between 18-25 years old
  • Heroin overdoses have increased by over 50% from 2000-2010.
  • Around 23% of those who use heroin develop opioid addiction
  • 18,893 overdose deaths have been recorded in 2015 that was said to be the result of using prescription opiates.
  • Moreover, 10,574 overdose deaths were linked to heroin use.


A natural substance in opium plants, morphine is a drug that other opiates are usually compared to for its effectiveness. Morphine may be a very effective pain reliever but it is very addictive as well.


Naturally found in opium plants, Codeine is actually chemically-altered morphine. It is mostly used for pharmaceutical purposes and is effective for the relief of moderate pain and as a cough suppressant. Most doctors prescribe codeine in combination with other medication such as aspirin and acetaminophen for pain management. In some cases, it is being prescribed with an antihistamine like promethazine for coughs.


The drug is also a semi-synthetic drug that is usually prescribed for the relief of moderate and severe pain. You may receive a prescription for only oxycodone or your doctor may combine your prescription with other medications like aspirin or acetaminophen. DEA reveals that oxycodone is a common source of illicit drug use that has added to the epidemic of drug addiction and lethal overdoses in several areas in the United States.


The semi-synthetic drug is derived from the natural part of opium plants and is frequently prescribed as an opiate medication. Hydrocodone is mainly prescribed with other medication for the treatment of moderate or severe pain. It is used in combination with acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen for pain relief or with chlorpheniramine or guaifenesin for the treatment of coughs.


The synthetic drug is said to be 80x more potent than morphine. Fentanyl is often prescribed as a skin (transdermal) patch for treating severe chronic pain. Like morphine, Fentanyl is extremely addictive.


The synthetic medication may be chemically different in structure than morphine but it produces similar effects as morphine in creating feelings of euphoria and pain relief. Methadone is usually prescribed for the treatment of addiction to heroin or morphine. It is also used as an alternative to treating chronic pain as it doesn’t promote addiction.


It produces the same effects as that of morphine although it has a shorter duration. The drug is mostly used before anesthesia and for the treatment of pain post-surgery.

If you are in doubt that your loved one is abusing any of the aforementioned medications, you need to get help for them, or from a prescription drug rehab miami which often times include rehabilitation and counseling. Remember, anti-anxiety drug abuse is common among teens and young adults under 30 years old.



Does Suboxone Have Opiates In It?

Does Suboxone Have Opiates In It

If you are seeking to withdraw safely and comfortably from opiates, you may find that Suboxone can work for you. It is currently being prescribed to patients needing to stop the withdrawal symptoms that are commonly experienced from opiates like vicodin, codeine, oxycontin, morphine, and heroin. Remember, Suboxone should only administered during detoxification. Once you are stabilized, you can find freedom from the disturbing effects of opiate addiction.

    • The buprenorphine in Suboxone is able to prevent the symptoms of withdrawal in most people.
    • Data reveals that the effectivity of buprenorphine is 50 to 100% more than other forms of treatment including clodine.

  • A higher percentage of patients who were administered buprenorphine were able to complete withdrawal.
  • For those who are under maintenance treatment, results are comparable to that of methadone with roughly 60% of maintenance treatment patients.

Caution must be taken when using these drugs as they are highly addictive.

The opiate classification of drugs is known to include natural derivatives of opium like codeine, morphine and heroin along with synthetic opioids like hydrocodone, methadone and oxycodone, among others. Even a single use of this class of drugs may cause addiction in most individuals. The question it begs is why does the body undergo withdrawal when the user stops taking this class of drugs?

Should you choose to stop opiates use, you are more likely to feel a number of withdrawal symptoms known as the opiate withdrawal. It occurs once your central nervous system has been able to adapt to having the opiates inside your body and then becomes dependent on opiates just to function normally.

In addition, there are systems in your body that tend to “speed up” trying to counter the impact of depressants. As such, your body needs some time to adjust towards a regular homeostasis. It is the systems, meanwhile, which are “speeded up” that you may find very uncomfortable with.

It is not the “magic pill” it is thought of.

Doctors often prescribe suboxone for the treatment of drug dependence and addiction, specifically opiates and opioid drugs both prescription type and illicit. Often, suboxone is used along with a complete treatment program with behavioral therapy and counseling. The prescription medicine is a controlled substance as it contains low doses of buprenorphine. It acts as an agonist helping patients quit on opiates without going through the painful withdrawal symptoms.

Suboxone occupies the nerve cells and suppress withdrawal.

It works by engaging the opioid receptors that have been triggered by other opiates. Take note that suboxone occupies the particular nerve receptors previously occupied by opiates. It is able to “trick” the brain and delay withdrawal.

The medication is approved for treating opiate addiction and has a minimal risk of being abused. Furthermore, it contains naloxone which can guard you against misuse. Thus, aside from stopping your cravings for stronger opiates, you also will not get high using Suboxone. That is if you follow the prescription and take the drug as it should be.

Suboxone is not as tightly controlled as other opiate addiction medications like methadone.

It is because the ingredients that make up Suboxone have a significantly lower potential for being abused and are not as dangerous to overdose. If you wish to get a prescription for a medication that contains buprenorphine, you may see a DEA-qualified doctor with an identification number from the Drug Enforcement Agency. Then, you will be able to begin treatment.

Remember to take Suboxone precisely as prescribed. It is likely that your doctor will change your dosage depending on how the medication affects you. Never attempt to change your dose without first consulting your doctor and getting a go signal. Also, never give Suboxone to others even when they show similar symptoms as you. You may cause them harm, aside from the fact that it is also against the law.





How To Beat A Drug Test For Opiates?

How To Beat A Drug Test For Opiates

If you are certain that there are opiates in your body, you may want to seek the possibilities of removal such as drinking detox. For instance, you may have to take a drug test as part of your job hunting process or your employer may randomly ask all employees of your company to undergo a drug test. At this point, you may be thinking of ways that you will be able to quickly clear opiates from your body in order to pass such test or risk losing your job. You may ask, do detox drinks work for opiate-related problems?

The class of opiates includes a wide range of recreational, addictive, as well as prescription drugs.

Opiates are considered illegal drugs. The levels in organisms of opiates are carefully being monitored using drug screenings. If you are going to take a drug test for opiates, you should know that the maximum level of opiates used in the body is 300 ng per ml. However, if you eat poppy seeds this can further add to the level of opiates in your body. The figures reveal that the maximum level of opiates in drug screenings was increased to 2000 ng per ml.

Often, drug tests require urine or saliva samples.

For more accurate results, hair samples may be used. A urine test may detect toxic substances, determine drug dependency, and even the reason for an overdose. Most of the time, a urine sample is taken to detect the presence of illicit drugs.

There are detoxifying products that hold toxins inside your body and allow you to pass a urine drug test.

Several toxins are commonly stored inside body fat cells and come out when the fat cells burn. Opiate detox drinks help prevent the burning of these fat cells for up to 5 hours. As such, you will not be able to release toxins and make them undetectable.

You may want to consider detoxification if you want to pass a drug screen test.

It is better than diluting or substituting your urine for another. Although it may be a nuance to spend a couple of days in order to help clear your body of consumed drugs, detox drinks may help remove drug traces from your body in case of an emergency. Opiate detox drinks may save you from getting a positive drug test result.

When you pee, your body expels toxins naturally and this is the exact reason why urine is often checked for drug consumption. Your urinary system could be temporarily cleaned by boosting your kidney and liver functions and encouraging permanent peeing. However, know that the effects of detoxification are temporary as the toxins build up later on.

Most opiate detox drinks contain B-vitamins and creatine that help preserve the natural color and properties of your urine. Also, it can increase your chances of passing the adulterant test.

How to detox correctly?

  • Make sure you buy the correct drink.

Skinny people weighing less than 200 pounds should go for the “one-hour solution” while heavier individuals should go for the “4x solution.”

  • You should drink on the test day itself.

Ideally, you should drink 1 to 2 hours before you have to make a urine sample. Drink the whole bottle at the ideal time, waiting 20 minutes to refill your bottle with water then drink it again.

  • Try to pee a couple of times in the next 40 minutes.

Don’t make a urine test sample before this and don’t skip peeing.

  • Give your urine sample within 5 hours after you drink.

Usually, the desired result will be achieved 1-2 hours after you drink it.

  • You should avoid all kinds of illicit substances 72 hours before you take a sample.

Although not drugs, fatty foods, tobacco, and alcohol can put an extra strain on your liver and slow down the detoxification process. You should also eat a small meal 3 hours prior to taking the test and avoid drinking copious amounts of water during this time.

You may also opt to take detox capsules the night before a drug test to get some sort of pre-cleanse. You may use the capsules along with your drink as well. Both absorb toxins and help prevent the collection of such in your urine.


Health Conditions

Living with Bipolar Disorder

bipolar disorder

I am a 31 year old high school teacher living with bipolar disorder. I was diagnosed at the age of 26, but symptoms were present earlier. It is often the case that bipolar disorder will not surface until late adolescence or early adulthood. Bipolar disorder was formerly known as Manic Depression, but I guess they think bipolar disorder will be less stereotyped.

Five years seems like a long time. I should be able to handle this disease by now, but I’m not. Sometimes the mood changes are rapid cycling, meaning they occur within 24 to 48 hour periods. However, sometimes I’ll be either up or down for months at a time. The up side is called manic and the down is depressive. People ask me sometimes, “Hey, are you going to be at the game next week?” and I won’t have an answer because I can’t tell you whether I will be functional. When I am down, I don’t even want to get out of bed. Paying bills or feeding the dogs becomes a huge task. Eating and showering occur out of necessity and I will go for weeks without going to the grocery store.

Understanding the Disease

Since my diagnosis, I have lost a lot of friends who wouldn’t take the time to understand my disease. When I am down, I disappear. The disease has made my life as a teacher more difficult as well. How do you explain to a room full of hormone-raging teenagers that you have bipolar disorder? Especially when that is an insult they use to call teachers they think are crazy. The stigma of the disease goes that far. Those kids, who may not even be able to spell bipolar disorder, know that it has a bad connotation.

Sometimes I have to miss days just because I can’t go to work. I am physically well, but I can’t go and I can’t explain why I won’t go. This is called mutism and is common among those with the disease. It is the inability to express one’s feelings not because one doesn’t want to, but because they can’t. I don’t call those my sick days; they are my mental health days. When I tell someone that, they really don’t understand the depth of that statement.

The Americans with Disabilities Act

The only thing on my side is the ADA. Those with bipolar disorder are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act. After working in the school system for eight years, I finally approached my principal because the disease was causing problems at work. The problems had gone so far that I was nearly fired or at least that’s what I thought because bipolar disorder often makes you very paranoid. It always seemed to me like someone was out to get me. Someone wanted to get me fired. It was all in my head. I see that now. Still, I can’t control it. My principal has been more supportive than I ever could have imagined. I am very thankful for him. My job is a huge trigger in my moods. A trigger is a noticeable event that causes the mood to change suddenly. Many of those with the disease are able to pinpoint their triggers after some time with the disease. I know two of my triggers: my job and money.

I have been on countless different pills of varying shapes, sizes, and colors since I was 22, even though the diagnosis was not until 26. No drug works completely, 100% of the time. I wish I could express that to those closest to me who ask, “Have you been taking your pills?” Can you imagine hearing that every time you are in a bad mood? I went off of my pills once and wanted to kill myself. I ended up in the hospital for several days with a doctor who swore I wasn’t bipolar, but never did tell me what was wrong with me. There are other psychological illnesses that mimic bipolar disorder; however with my family history I believe it to be true. Bipolar disorder is often genetic and my mother and grandfather both had bipolar disorder.

It is hard living with this disease and the stigma attached to it. I hate explaining why I take a handful of pills every night. I will never have children, which is something I want more than anything in the world, because I don’t want to pass on this curse. Bipolar disorder is for life. You don’t get well. You may be stable, but you are never well. It doesn’t just go away.

Health Conditions

Lithium Information Treatment and Side Effects: Help for Manic Depression High or Low Episodes and Bipolar Disorder

cure for depression

Lithium is helpful in evening out the lows (depression) and the highs (mania) of patients moods that are associated with bipolar disorder. It can also be used to treat patients with depression who do not suffer from bipolar disorder.

How Lithium Works

Lithium carbonate is a form of salt. It was approved for use in the U.S. in 1970. Lithium actually effects the flow of sodium through nerve and muscle cells located in the body. Sodium is what affects mania or excitation.

Blood levels on patients taking Lithium will need to be monitored. Studies indicate that patients respond best to Lithium when blood levels are between 0.6-1.2mmol/L. Blood samples will also indicate if a patient has too much Lithium in their system. This could result in side effects. Too little Lithium may not treat symptoms adequately.

What Lithium Treats

Lithium was developed to treat manic depression, bipolar disorder. It evens out the highs (mania) and lows (depression) in moods associated with bipolar disorder.

Lithium is also prescribed for patients with depression, who have never experienced a manic episode. When prescribed for depression, Lithium is often added to an additional antidepressant.

Certain schizophrenia patients have been treated with Lithium. These patients experience changes in thinking at the same time as a mood change and it resembles either depression or mania.

Lithium Administration and Dosage

Lithium is available in either tablets or capsules. This medication is generally taken 2 or 3 times a day due to upset stomach occuring. Physicians will determine the correct daily dosage.

Lithium should be taken with food to help avoid stomach upset. It should never be taken with caffeine products, such as coffee, sodas, or tea. Caffeine can decrease Lithium levels in a patient’s body.

Side Effects of Lithium

Common side effects experienced while taking Lithium can include loss of appetite, nausea, stomach upset, mild tremor of the hands, weakness, lack of coordiation, itching skin, or thinning or drying of hair.

If a patient experiences signs of an allergic reaction to Lithium, medical help should be sought immediately. Signs of an allergic reaction can include hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the lips, tongue, face, or throat.

Patients should stop taking Lithium and consult their physician immediately if they experience any of the following side effects: extreme thirst, frequent or less urination, fever, eye or vision problems, feelings of restlessness or confusion, weakness, pain, discoloration of fingers or toes, cold feeling, slow heart rate, fainting, light-headedness, hallucinations, seizure, muscle stiffness, sweating, or fast or uneven heartrate.

Important Information Regarding Lithium

Bipolar disorder, manic depression and schizophrenia all require long-term treatment. Physicians will determine the length of time for treatment with Lithium.

Pregnant women taking Lithium during the first three months have an associated risk of their baby having a heart valve defect. Babies exposed to Lithium during that time frame have a 1 in 2,000 chance of developing a heart valve defect.

Lithium, when used as prescribed, has helped patients control their condition. Lithium should be continued even when patients are feeling well. Patients need to avoid excessive amounts of caffeinated beverages. Never start a low salt diet while on Lithium without first discussing this with a healthcare provider. Low sodium blood levels can lead to Lithium toxicity.

Health Conditions

Life on a Pendulum: Bipolarism: Manic Depression, Cancer of the Soul

manic depression

No, it’s not just a bad day. It’s not even just a horrible day. It’s another one of those days when you pick up a razor and slash a diary of just how bad you feel into your flesh.

Seeing is believing:

…and the opposite is true; those who do not suffer from this mental illness cannot even begin to imagine the terrifying heights to which you can fly; the almost supernatural endurance sustained during a manic period. You can survive on two or three hours a sleep a day, for weeks on end. It’s as though a whirling dervish has possessed your very being and there is no stopping the mad reel. Even more frightening is the knowledge that you are going to crash, sooner or later. There is no avoiding that finale.

You never hit bottom. There is no bottom, just endless sinking into nothingness; a fall through the basement floor of despair. It is not uncommon for a depressive to simply stop living in any meaningful way. She does not get up, she does not wash her hair, she does not cook or clean or even talk. It can go on for months, there is only the keening; a high-pitched wail turning into a scream. If you call, she won’t answer the phone. If you go to her house, she locks the door and hides.

Is it real?

Doctors have been studying this issue for many years, and though they believe it is a true mental disorder, they have been hard-pressed to find physical evidence to prove it. Recently, they have turned to Brain Imaging to find anomalies in the way the brains of manic-depressives work. By studying the neurotransmitters (messengers between brain cells) they are beginning to see differences in the functioning of manic-depressives when compared to a normally-functioning brain. There is some proof that bipolarism is partly genetic in nature, as it tends to run in families. But researchers believe it is more of an interaction between many genes as opposed to a single gene acting on its own, along with environmental causes which may include emotional trauma. Since it is a relatively new field of research, there is hope that soon a link will be found between the genetic make-up of manic-depressives and and inherited genes.

Diagnosis is difficult, due to the fact that many of the symptoms mimic those of other mental illnesses. One of the methods used to determine whether the patient is bipolar is to rule out other psychological disorders. It is also hindered by the fact that many doctors either do not believe it is an actual illness, or do not recognize the symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of manic-depression

Often beginning in childhood, this disorder begins with what is termed ‘hypo-mania’. This consists of rapid and exaggerated mood swings, irritability and impulsive behavior. If left untreated it tends to worsen over time, developing into full-blown manic-depression. There are different degrees of bipolarism. Bipolar I is characterised by at least one episode of mania, with or without the depressive aspect. Bipolar II diagnosis requires at least one manic episode, accompanied by a depressive episode. Cyclothymic disorder consists of recurring hypo-manic and depressive episodes, not necessarily separated; it is possible to be manic and depressive at the same time. In this case, there must be four or more major depressive incidents that impair the patient’s functioning on some level. Rapid cycling manic-depression manifests as at least four major manic episodes a year, with major depressive episodes in between.

Other signs to watch for are self-mutilation or talk of suicide. Although it is more likely for bipolars to commit suicide in the early stages of the illness, it is always a possibility, and signs should be taken seriously. Cutting is a form of self-mutilation common to manic-depressives; usually it is done in places on the body that do not show, such as the thighs. If done on the arms, they tend to wear long sleeves to conceal the wounds. They often do not feel the pain at all, and it is an expression of self-loathing and despair.


Once diagnosed with bipolarism, medication is usually recommended. The most common medication to treat this disorder in the beginning is lithium. Advanced cases often require the use of anti-seizure medication and anti-depressants to combat severe depressive incidents. In severe cases Electroshock Therapy (EST) is used. No one knows quite why it works, but it jolts the brain and seems to be effective in restoring some balance to the lives of manic-depressives.

Psychotherapy should be used hand-in-hand with medication. It is important for the patient to understand the triggers that cause episodes, and to find ways to cope with the stressors in their lives. Manic-depressives usually have very disorganized personalities and hold onto false beliefs, regardless of evidence to the contrary. It is baffling to their families and friends, because they never know what to expect; they can go from outrageous and promiscuous behavior to complete withdrawal in no time at all, and often those closest to them give up and despair of ever figuring out the best approach.

It may well be that time holds the only answer to the questions posed about this mental disorder. For those of you with bipolars in your life, the most important thing you can do is have patience; and never downplay the agony in their lives. One of the most frustrating facts for bipolars is that there is no visible sign of their illness, and so many people refuse to acknowledge that there is anything seriously wrong.


How to Stop Smoking – Escape From Tobacco Prison: Wanting to Become a Non-Smoker is a Huge First Step to Success

why stop smoking

Once the epitome of movie cool, the smoker has now become an outcast in society; a social pariah. At one time anyone lurking in a shadowy doorway, his face lit by the soft glow of smouldering cigarette, conjured up notions of Harry Lime and an exotic world of adventure and espionage. In these health conscious times, someone lurking in a doorway smoking usually just means that he’s nowhere else to go to ‘light up’.

In many countries even the last bastion of the hounded smokers, the bar, has turned its back on them, forcing the smoker to brave all weather conditions to enjoy a nicotine hit in the street, looking for all the world like an itinerant beggar. Smokers have ostensibly taken on the role of an underclass, the modern day social equivalent of India’s untouchables – looked down upon by non-smokers.

And yet millions upon millions of people continue to swim against the tide despite the fact that they know that doing so might ultimately kill them and what’s more kill others.

Justifications for continuing on a self destructive course range from ‘smoking helps me relax’, ‘it helps me concentrate’ and ‘it’s cool’, to the natural human condition of not reacting well to being told to what to do.

Ultimately there’s only one reason why anyone continues to smoke and that’s because it is purely and simply an addiction. And like any addiction that makes giving it up a difficult process… but not an impossible one.

However, before anyone attempts to stop smoking, there is one very important factor which will make all the difference between success and failure. He must genuinely want to stop – doing it for any other reason is a one way street of varying lengths to the next packet of cigarettes.

Why Stop Smoking?

There are any number of reasons to give up the killer weed and the most powerful of these should be that to continue to puff away puts smokers on the fast track to the final destination and a meeting with Dr Death. But everyone knows this, so what’s new?

Maybe a more seductive argument is to for smokers to stop thinking of the cigarette as a companion and think of it as a backstabbing false friend who has wrapped a cast iron chain around them without them even realising it.

Stopping smoking is liberating. Take away the need for a cigarette and there’s no need for the smoker to get jittery on planes and trains or in restaurants and bars, his thoughts consumed with working out when he can get his next hit. Non-smokers can eat, drink and go anywhere. Discovering this is like having scales removed from the eyes

And as for health benefits; 20 minutes after stopping, heart rates and blood pressure drops. In 12 hours, carbon monoxide levels in the body return to normal. Within 3 months, circulation improves and lungs function more efficiently and after 5 years the risk of a stroke is the same as that of a non-smoker.

Food also tastes far better as well and whilst this might seem like a minor point, it’s all part of the folder filed under ‘a better quality of life’.

How to Stop Smoking

There’s no point in being unrealistic, it isn’t going to be easy, but the good news is that there’s a lot of support out there. Deciding the most appropriate method is important in finding the right road to success.

  • Stop Smoking Programmes: Enrol in a local stop smoking programme. Giving up with others can help ease the pain.
  • Nicotine Replacement: Using patches, gums, lozenges, inhalers etc helps the body deal with the physical effects of nicotine withdrawal, leaving smokers to concentrate more on the psychological aspect to stopping smoking.
  • Hypnosis: Hypnotherapy techniques help addresses psychological barriers to giving up smoking through subconscious positive affirmations and suggestions.
  • Acupuncture: Treatment works by stimulating body functions to help ease tobacco withdrawal symptoms.
  • Stop Smoking Literature: Books such as Alan Carr’s Easy Way to Stop Smoking can be great support aids in the preparation for becoming a non-smoker.

Finally, here is a sobering fact about smoking to ponder.

Tobacco is the only commercially sold product that, if used as directed, will poison and kill the user.

It’s estimated that around 6 million people die from tobacco related diseases each year – don’t be one of them.


Drug Abuse Help: Warning Signs of Teenage Drug Abuse


When a drug addict begins abusing drugs, many times he chooses to hide it from friends and family members. Typically, the drug addict has a select group of friends who use drugs, and other friends who do not use drugs begin to see a withdraw from social activities. Serious drug abuse occurs from depression, life’s traumatic situations or pure curiosity. Regular drug use can turn to addiction, and that is when serious personality changes are seen. Parents and friends involved with teenage drug abuse can identify some common warning signs. When these warning signs are presented, drug abuse help can save the life of a friend or family member.

Mood Swings and Youth Drug Abuse

The most common indication that a friend or family member is abusing drugs is perpetual mood swings. When the drug abuser is able to get drugs, the mood is generally cheerful and happy. Withdrawals from drugs lead to depression, anger, lethargy and other changes in common behavior. The teenager may feel depressed and lash out at friends and family when the drug of choice is not available. Some teenagers miss classes. Adults miss work. Both of these patients are unable to keep commitments, especially when attempting to find the drugs.

Signs of Drug Use – Weight Loss

Weight loss is a common side effect of most stimulant drugs. Stimulant drugs such as meth and cocaine decrease appetite. This is a common teenage drug abuse sign. Opiate drugs such as oxycontin and heroin also reduce appetite. These drugs leave a pale color on the patient when they use continuously. Some patients have dark circles under the eyes, which is a sign of chronic, excessive use. One of the most prominent signs is weight loss. Some drug addicts lose several dozen pounds and look sickly. Other drug addicts succumb to anorexia and bulimic habits, which are increased during drug use.

Drug and Substance Abuse and Theft

When the money runs out, some teenagers resort to stealing from friends and family. Withdrawals are painful, so the teenager fears the symptoms of drug detox and steals money to buy the drug of choice. This causes more strain on internal family ties, so drug abuse can affect direct family members as well as the others who notice the wrongdoing from the drug abuser. The drug addict steals from parents, siblings and friends to avoid withdrawal symptoms from drugs.

Drug Addiction Treatment and Teenagers

Parents and friends are encouraged to find drug abuse help for anyone thought to have a dangerous addiction to drugs. Warning signs of drug abuse should be taken seriously, and parents and friends of the drug abuser are encouraged to support the drug abuser during the detox and recovery time. Many drug abusers want to recover and quit the dangerous habit, but they are afraid of the withdrawals. Find ways to avoid the withdrawals, and many drug addicts with follow the road to drug recovery.


CNS Depressant Prescription Drug Abuse

prescription drugs

A type of prescription medication, depressants reduce the activity in the central nervous system, or CNS. Doctors will prescribe a CNS depressant to treat anxiety. When people take these medications for non-medical purposes, they may have serious health problems.

Types of CNS Depressants

According to the US Department of Health and Human Services’ National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 6.2 million people ages 12 and older abused prescription medications. The Office of National Drug Control Policy reports that in 2015, 0.7 percent of people ages 12 and over abused tranquilizers and 0.1 percent of people ages 12 and over abused sedatives, two types of CNS depressant.

The US Department of Health and Human Services and the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration point out that people can abuse multiple types of CNS depressants, which have moderate to high physical and psychological dependence. Examples of CNS depressants include glutethimide, barbiturates, chloral hydrate, methaqualone and tranquilizers, also called benzodiazepines. All of these CNS depressants work by affecting the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, which decreases the brain’s activity, resulting in a calming effect.

Access to CNS Depressants

People who abuse CNS depressants obtain these drugs through multiple methods. The Office of National Drug Control Policy points out that people who abuse CNS depressants may doctor shop, in which they go to many doctors to get prescriptions for the medication. Some abusers may get their supply through over prescribing, in which they tell their doctors they lost some pills and need more. CNS depressant abusers may get their pills from friends and family. Other ways abusers access the medications include theft and illegal online pharmacies.

Signs of CNS Depressant Abuse

People may notice certain signs in people that can indicate abuse of CNS depressants. For example, people who abuse CNS depressants may display alcohol intoxication-like behavior, but without the smell of alcohol on their breath, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services and the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration. They may also have difficulty concentrating when abusing CNS depressants. Other signs of abuse include dilated pupils, lack of coordination and falling asleep at work or school.

The Office of National Drug Control Policy explains that abuse of CNS depressants can lead to serious health problems. For example, people who abuse CNS depressants may start having seizures. Taking too high a dosage of a CNS depressant can result in respiratory depression and decreased heart rate. Withdrawal from these drugs after using large amounts can put users’ lives at risk. Severe withdrawal symptoms include delirium, convulsions and death.