Prescription opiates such as hydrocodone and oxycodone are synthesized opioid analgesics that change your perception of things because it targets the opioid receptors in your brain. As the drug acts on the feel-good chemicals in your brain, feelings of euphoria and extreme well-being may be created along with some degree of relief from pain.
If you are abusing prescription opiates to chase the “high,” it is likely that you are increasing your dosage continually. Also, you may have developed a tolerance for the drug and would need more of it to achieve the effects initially made by the drug.
- In 2012 in the U.S., 259 million prescriptions for opioids were written.
- The number of prescriptions has increased from 76 million (1991) to roughly 207 million (2013).
- In the last 10 years, the use of heroin more than doubled in those between 18-25 years old
- Heroin overdoses have increased by over 50% from 2000-2010.
- Around 23% of those who use heroin develop opioid addiction
- 18,893 overdose deaths have been recorded in 2015 that was said to be the result of using prescription opiates.
- Moreover, 10,574 overdose deaths were linked to heroin use.
A natural substance in opium plants, morphine is a drug that other opiates are usually compared to for its effectiveness. Morphine may be a very effective pain reliever but it is very addictive as well.
Naturally found in opium plants, Codeine is actually chemically-altered morphine. It is mostly used for pharmaceutical purposes and is effective for the relief of moderate pain and as a cough suppressant. Most doctors prescribe codeine in combination with other medication such as aspirin and acetaminophen for pain management. In some cases, it is being prescribed with an antihistamine like promethazine for coughs.
The drug is also a semi-synthetic drug that is usually prescribed for the relief of moderate and severe pain. You may receive a prescription for only oxycodone or your doctor may combine your prescription with other medications like aspirin or acetaminophen. DEA reveals that oxycodone is a common source of illicit drug use that has added to the epidemic of drug addiction and lethal overdoses in several areas in the United States.
The semi-synthetic drug is derived from the natural part of opium plants and is frequently prescribed as an opiate medication. Hydrocodone is mainly prescribed with other medication for the treatment of moderate or severe pain. It is used in combination with acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen for pain relief or with chlorpheniramine or guaifenesin for the treatment of coughs.
The synthetic drug is said to be 80x more potent than morphine. Fentanyl is often prescribed as a skin (transdermal) patch for treating severe chronic pain. Like morphine, Fentanyl is extremely addictive.
The synthetic medication may be chemically different in structure than morphine but it produces similar effects as morphine in creating feelings of euphoria and pain relief. Methadone is usually prescribed for the treatment of addiction to heroin or morphine. It is also used as an alternative to treating chronic pain as it doesn’t promote addiction.
It produces the same effects as that of morphine although it has a shorter duration. The drug is mostly used before anesthesia and for the treatment of pain post-surgery.
If you are in doubt that your loved one is abusing any of the aforementioned medications, you need to get help for them, or from a prescription drug rehab miami which often times include rehabilitation and counseling. Remember, anti-anxiety drug abuse is common among teens and young adults under 30 years old.