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Addiction

Why Is Drug Addiction Not A Disease?

Why Is Drug Addiction Not A Disease

Because of the increasing number of broken families and communities that are vulnerable to drug dealers and the violence that they bring, drug addiction has become a huge problem over the years. Stereotypical addicted individuals have been categorized as “dark” members of the society for decades but is slowly changing in the recent years. The more accepting perception of people on them is the strongest reason why addiction treatment options have become widely available.

  • One thing that has not been changed for years is the notion that drug addiction is a brain disease. Addiction changes the normal functioning of the brain and its fundamental ways of coordinating systemic movements.
  • The hierarchy of the structure of the brain changes with the worsening habit, sending a different message to the person about what he needs, wants, and priorities.
  • Dopamine is released when taking drugs and it is what is responsible for to the cravings.
  • Eventually, the brain’s normal functioning is altered more often resulting in a compulsive behavior.

Addiction is more of a disorder, not a disease.

Addiction is a disorder because it describes an altered physiologic brain function, which completely confirms that the “disease” definition is a wrong scientific statement. Remember, the diagnoses regarding mental health related to addiction are all classified as “disorders”, not as diseases.

Moreover, experts believe that addiction should be seen as a disorder because the addicted person causes harm due to a deviated behavior from what is considered a norm. While scientists were able to prove that addiction creates different thought patterns that somehow mold new values, the disorder also explains that it is characterized of a list of symptoms occurring together, unlike a medical disease.

Loss of appetite and episodes of irritability are examples of its symptoms or clues of what is happening inside the body. Definitely, it is not a proof of some complex chemical imbalances or infections within the body.

Addiction is a disorder with symptoms.

A disorder is different from a disease as explained above due to its manifestations. Other examples of symptoms relating to addiction disorders include deep emotional need for connection with others, desire to have another drug, impaired judgment, and intensified craving for a substance. A disease, on the other hand, can be measured, put to test, and be cured as the medical community defines it.

Blood tests are not required for the treatment of addiction.

Another big proof that addiction cannot be called a disease in the medical community is the fact that it does not require a blood test to prove that you have drug addiction or is into alcoholism. You can diagnose an alcoholic or an addict by just looking at them, assessing them, and labeling them as having the addictive disorder. One big step towards recovery from addiction is knowing and believing that addiction can be overcome. The traditional 12-step programs try to motivate the addicted individuals that what they are going through is not a forever disease unless they decide to make it last forever.

Drugs

How To Get Prescribed Opiates?

How To Get Prescribed Opiates

Prescription opiates such as hydrocodone and oxycodone are synthesized opioid analgesics that change your perception of things because it targets the opioid receptors in your brain. As the drug acts on the feel-good chemicals in your brain, feelings of euphoria and extreme well-being may be created along with some degree of relief from pain.

If you are abusing prescription opiates to chase the “high,” it is likely that you are increasing your dosage continually. Also, you may have developed a tolerance for the drug and would need more of it to achieve the effects initially made by the drug.

  • In 2012 in the U.S., 259 million prescriptions for opioids were written.
  • The number of prescriptions has increased from 76 million (1991) to roughly 207 million (2013).
  • In the last 10 years, the use of heroin more than doubled in those between 18-25 years old
  • Heroin overdoses have increased by over 50% from 2000-2010.
  • Around 23% of those who use heroin develop opioid addiction
  • 18,893 overdose deaths have been recorded in 2015 that was said to be the result of using prescription opiates.
  • Moreover, 10,574 overdose deaths were linked to heroin use.

Morphine

A natural substance in opium plants, morphine is a drug that other opiates are usually compared to for its effectiveness. Morphine may be a very effective pain reliever but it is very addictive as well.

Codeine

Naturally found in opium plants, Codeine is actually chemically-altered morphine. It is mostly used for pharmaceutical purposes and is effective for the relief of moderate pain and as a cough suppressant. Most doctors prescribe codeine in combination with other medication such as aspirin and acetaminophen for pain management. In some cases, it is being prescribed with an antihistamine like promethazine for coughs.

Oxycodone

The drug is also a semi-synthetic drug that is usually prescribed for the relief of moderate and severe pain. You may receive a prescription for only oxycodone or your doctor may combine your prescription with other medications like aspirin or acetaminophen. DEA reveals that oxycodone is a common source of illicit drug use that has added to the epidemic of drug addiction and lethal overdoses in several areas in the United States.

Hydrocodone

The semi-synthetic drug is derived from the natural part of opium plants and is frequently prescribed as an opiate medication. Hydrocodone is mainly prescribed with other medication for the treatment of moderate or severe pain. It is used in combination with acetaminophen, aspirin or ibuprofen for pain relief or with chlorpheniramine or guaifenesin for the treatment of coughs.

Fentanyl

The synthetic drug is said to be 80x more potent than morphine. Fentanyl is often prescribed as a skin (transdermal) patch for treating severe chronic pain. Like morphine, Fentanyl is extremely addictive.

Methadone

The synthetic medication may be chemically different in structure than morphine but it produces similar effects as morphine in creating feelings of euphoria and pain relief. Methadone is usually prescribed for the treatment of addiction to heroin or morphine. It is also used as an alternative to treating chronic pain as it doesn’t promote addiction.

Meperidine

It produces the same effects as that of morphine although it has a shorter duration. The drug is mostly used before anesthesia and for the treatment of pain post-surgery.

If you are in doubt that your loved one is abusing any of the aforementioned medications, you need to get help for them, or from a prescription drug rehab miami which often times include rehabilitation and counseling. Remember, anti-anxiety drug abuse is common among teens and young adults under 30 years old.